Accounting treatment in QuickBooks is exactly the same like when Vendor goes out of business prior to payment for the open balance.
If the vendor (or customer with a credit balance) goes out of business due to bankruptcy, keep it until you hear from the courts with instructions as to where to forward your payment.
In case, you do not hear from the courts (depending upon regulations in your state, you may have to leave it on the books for several years, in many states for up to 5 years), you will reverse the entry by creating a credit memo and take it as income like the one-time gain to your P&L.
If you are really interested in clearing A/P or A/R (negative balance), you can also set it up as holding liability account on your Balance Sheet.
First, you need to get some guidance from the parent company if they go through inter-company elimination process to prepare consolidated balance sheet report.
In QBO create Intercompany Accounts Payable Account (not main Accounts Payable A/P) >
you can select “Credit Card” Type > it will show as Credit Card group on the Balance Sheet. When you Pay Bills (or enter expenses), you can select this account instead of bank account > easy one step process only > however, if parent company has a problem using Credit Card type account then, you may need to set it up as “Other Current Liabilities” type account.
In that case, it becomes two step process > pay bills (or enter expenses) using Credit Card type as I/C clearing account > transfer the balance from Intercompany Accounts Payable (other current liabilities type) to Intercompany Clearing account (credit card type > new name). To transfer in QBO, you can use Transfer (create + sign > other > transfer) or write a Journal Entry (and make it reversible JE if needed).
Again, it’s a good idea to consult with your parent company who handles Intercompany accounts. And, always reconcile accounts on a regular basis.
Click on the screenshots below to enlarge them
On the parent company’s books, they should record this as an intercompany accounts receivable.
In QBO for Intercompany Accounts Receivable > select “Other Current Assets” Type (not main Accounts Receivable A/R type. In QBO, you can have just one A/R).
I followed the refund by a vendor. I entered as a deposit. But then it does not show in the vendor’s transaction listing. How should I really enter this type of transaction?
At this point, they do not have have any designated way to record this transaction. It is just work-around approach to show in the Vendor Center’s transaction listing.
#1 Create Vendor Credit
From the home page screen
Select “Vendor Credit” tab under Vendors heading
Choose a vendor
Make sure account selection (that be entered as account for credit entry) is the same as original account. This is to show applying credit to the same account. For example, you bought printer and expensed it to Computer Expense account . Returned it and received refund for the returned item. Use the same account to credit the refund from the vendor.
#2 Show Bank Deposit for Refund
From the home page screen
Select “Bank Deposit” tab under Others heading
Choose Bank account for deposit
Received From = Name of Vendor from the drop down list who gave you refund
Account = Accounts Payable from the dropdown chart of account
Amount = refund amount deposited to the bank
Enter other related information
#3 Unncessary extra step but got to do it
GO back to Vendors Center (blue navigation bar > Vendors > Locate specific Vendor), you will notice “1 Open bill” message under Pending Bills for that Vendor. This could be flawed in QBO design at this time.
Select “Make payment” button under “Action” column
New “Bill Payment” screen will open
You will notice in and out with zero amount transaction
Change Ref number to “blank”
Save and Close
“1 Open Bill’ message is gone now.
Again, this is unncessary step in new QuickBooks Online.
How should I really enter refund by a Vendor in new QuickBooks Online QBO